Michio Kaku – Scientist warn Millions could be Killed if Super-Volcano Erupts
When the supervolcano that lies beneath Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming finally awakes from its 640,000-year slumber, it will spew out enough ash and magma to change the world as we know it.
NASA WARNINGS! FOX~CNN~BBC WORLD NEWS BREAKING w Professor Michio Kaku NIBIRU WARNING. This is the prediction of scientists who have calculated that the global risk posed by a supervolcanic eruption somewhere in the world is between five and ten times greater than the probability of being struck by a giant asteroid.
Disaster Spectacular – Evacuate Earth .What would happen if a neutron star was heading our way? or the Earth experienced a runaway greenhouse effect? What about a change in our orbit?
But it is the huge lake of molten magma lying dormant under the lush landscape of Yellowstone that is causing the greatest concern to volcanologists studying the special threat posed by supervolcanoes. Earth scientists commissioned by the Geological Society of London have calculated that there may be several super-eruptions big enough to cause a global disaster every 100,000 years – whereas an asteroid larger than 1km (0.62 miles) in diameter would be expected to hit the Earth once in about 600,000 years.
Supervolcanoes may not look much – most do not even have the traditional cone of a Vesuvius or a Mount St Helens – but their potential for destruction is many times greater than a traditional volcanic eruption.
A super-eruption at Yellowstone would be far more devastating for the world than the eruptions at Tambora in 1815, Krakatoa in 1883 and Pinatubo in 1991 which all caused global climate disturbances for several years after the event. Super-eruptions are hundreds of times larger than the biggest volcanic explosions of recorded history and their effects on the global climate are much more severe, said Professor Stephen Self, a vulcanologist at the Open University. “An area the size of North America can be devastated and pronounced deterioration of global climate would be expected for a few years following the eruption,” Professor Self explained. “They could result in the devastation of world agriculture, severe disruption of food supplies and mass starvation. These effects could be sufficiently severe to threaten the fabric of civilisation.” A two-part drama-documentary – Supervolcano – to be transmitted this Sunday and Monday on BBC1 spells out what could happen if the supervolcano under Yellowstone National Park should erupt in the near future.
A major eruption at any of the volcanoes could do more damage than human activity and global warming could do in more than 1,000 years, according to the European Science Foundation’s report “Extreme Geo-hazards: Reducing the Disaster Risk and Increasing Resilience.”
Further, there are not contingency plans for a major volcanic eruption as there are for hurricanes and earthquakes since they occur far less often.
“Although in the last few decades earthquakes have been the main cause of fatalities and damage, the main global risk is large volcanic eruptions that are less frequent but far more impactful than the largest earthquakes,” reads the report.
A report on supervolcanoes compiled by the Geological Society states: “It is easy to imagine that an eruption on the scale of Toba would have devastating global effects. A layer of ash estimated at 15 cm thick fell over the entire Indian subcontinent with similar amounts over much of south-east Asia. Most recently, the Toba ash has been found in the South China Sea, implying that several centimetres also covered southern China. “Just one centimetre of ash is enough to devastate agricultural activity … Many millions of lives throughout most of Asia would be threatened if Toba erupted today,” it says. Ms Orr said the University of Utah and the UK Met Office had helped to compile a map of the fallout that might result from the eruption of ash from the Yellowstone supervolcano. “From this, we created an ash projection map which took into account wind direction and time of year of our eruption.
Michio Kaku Yellowstone Will Devastate America. The last one happened 640,000 years ago. Yet vulcanologists such as Professor Sparks point out that this does not mean that another eruption is overdue. “It doesn’t work like that. We just don’t know when the next eruption will occur,” he said. Neither do scientists know how much warning the world will be given. “Frankly we don’t really know, that’s the real problem,” Professor Sparks said. But what we do know is that we are ill-prepared for such an event if it should take place in the near future. “You can’t stop it.
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One could have to start to think about the strategies for dealing with consequences and to be frank, that’s not been thought through at all,” Professor Sparks said. One thing remains certain in this uncertain world of low-risk, high-impact disasters. If the Yellowstone supervolcano should ever blow, our world will never be the same again, and might not even survive in its present form. HOW THE RISKS MEASURE UP According to scientists, the risk of a super-eruption somewhere in the world is five to 10 times greater than that of the world being hit by an asteroid. How does that compare with the other dangers we face daily? Lightning The chances of being killed by being struck by lightning is thought to be about one in 10 million. In the UK, an estimated five people, out of a population of about 50 million, are killed by lightning each year. Air crash The chances of being involved in an aircraft accident are about one in 11 million, while the chances of being killed in a car accident is one in 8,000. Train crash The risk of dying in an accident on the railway is one in 500,000. Nuclear accident The risk of an individual dying from radiation from a nuclear power station is one in 10 million.
Dangerous jobs The occupational risk of being killed in deep-sea fishing is one in 750. With coal mining, it is one in 7,500. In construction, this increases to one in 10,000, and for the service industries, it is one in 150,000. Playing football The risk of dying while playing a game of football is one in 25,000. Asteroid collision Some scientists believe that an asteroid spotted in January 2004 had a one-in-four chance of hitting the planet within 36 hours. Researchers contemplated a call to President George Bush before new data finally showed there was no danger. The bookmakers William Hill, meanwhile, said the odds of the asteroid hitting Earth on 2016 and wiping life off the planet was 909,000 to one.
$3 trillion damage’
It is truly a “doomsday” scenario. Food riots, contaminated water and an outbreak of violence and anarchy. Although North America would be the hardest hit, the explosion would affect the entire planet.
In such a scenario for North America, according to Doug Bausch, a senior scientist at FEMA, $3 trillion in “direct economic damage” is a reasonable estimate.
It’s about 20 percent of the U.S. Gross Domestic Product.
Spewing lava far into the sky, a cloud of plant-killing ash would fan out and dump a layer 10 feet deep up to 1,000 miles away.
Two-thirds of the U.S. could become uninhabitable as toxic air sweeps through it, grounding thousands of flights and forcing millions to leave their homes.
Smith believes that rather than an eruption, the more immediate threat is earthquakes and smaller eruptions, since the probability of one of those instances occurring is much higher.
Michio Kaku, American television personality and theoretical physicist with at the City College of New York, said it best.
“All you can do is run.”
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SOURCE : www.rense.com
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