Raising Rabbits for Self-Sufficiency

californian-rabbits-300x225Rabbit is not a mainstream source of meat these days, but it didn’t used to be that way. For centuries, people have raised these animals on their farms for food, and for many thousands of years before that, hunted them. Rabbits breed easily, grow quickly and are relatively easy to keep and care for. Able to thrive even in small spaces, it’s no wonder that meat rabbits are enjoying a surge in popularity, both on large homesteads and small urban farms.



Meat rabbits offer numerous benefits to the right home so long as their needs are met (which isn’t hard to do). Below are just a few reasons to consider adding meat rabbits to your home:


One huge benefit to raising rabbits for their meat is that they are such efficient producers. For one, these critters mature quickly. One meat buck can be ready to butcher and supply your family with 5 pounds of meat in as little as 10 weeks! Also, it is said that a rabbit can produce 6 pounds of meat with the same amount of feed that takes for a cow to produce one pound of meat. If larger livestock is too expensive for you to raise, meat rabbits are easy to raise on a budget.


Meat rabbits can be a great option for the urban homesteader. Unlike larger livestock, rabbits require very little space to be happy and healthy. In fact, they often take even less space than backyard chickens. The traditional all-wire hutch that most meat rabbits are housed in have a floor space of only about 2.5 x 3 ft or so, and multiple enclosures can easily be stacked or lined up side-by-side along a wall. Another urban perk of owning rabbits is that they are quiet. If noise in your neighborhood could be a problem, these rodents can be the perfect solution. They don’t bray, cluck, crow or make much noise at all, other than an occasional quiet grunting. Many owners claim that the most noise their rabbits make is the sound of hopping around in their wire enclosures.

Meat Quality:

If you’ve never tried it before, rabbit meat is very tasty and very good for you. It is a lean white meat that’s very rich in protein (about 20%), low in cholesterol and lower in fat than any of the mainstream meats, including beef, pork and chicken. In fact, some are calling rabbit the “meat of the future.” Rabbit meat’s taste and texture is very similar to chicken, and it makes a great chicken substitute in recipes, though of course it has a mild flavor all its own. Even if you’re not interested in raising meat rabbits for yourself, their meat is certainly worth a try.

Purchasing Rabbits

While not as popular as chickens, meat rabbits are fairly easy to come by. Not that these types of rabbits are a specific breed – not just any pet bunny breed is suitable for eating. You can purchase meat rabbits from a local breeder (a national rabbitry directory can be found online), 4-H club, or local feed store.


Large and stocky, meat rabbit breeds are much heavier than your typical pet bunny or wild cottontail, usually weighing in at 10 pounds or more at maturity. There are numerous breeds of meat rabbits to choose from, some of which are quite rare. Below are some of the most popular:

  • New Zealand: The New Zealand is a favorite among many enthusiasts. They come with red or white coats, and are especially easy to butcher for eating.
  • Californian: Another favorite breed, the Californian is an all-American breed developed in the 1920s. It features the weight and quality meat of the New Zealand, with a more quality pelt that you can sell after butchering.
  • Flemish Cross: A cross-breed of the Flemish Giant and the New Zealand or Californian, Flemish Crosses are an extra-large breed with quality meat.




Traditionally, rabbits are kept in open-air hutches above the ground outdoors or in a small barn. While sometimes made of wood, most of these enclosures are made of wire mesh, including a tighter wire mesh flooring, which allows their droppings to fall through. Some new owners may be surprised at the recommendation for wire flooring, but this type of enclosure is considered both very sanitary and humane for these animals. To add to these animals’ quality of life, as well as take advantage of their grazing nature, some owners choose to set their rabbits in portable outdoor runs around the yard for a short time. If you choose to do this, however, be very careful – rabbits are very talented and driven diggers, and can make themselves a burrow in a surprisingly short amount of time.


Most meat rabbits are fed a diet of commercial pellets, which are made up of alfalfa hay, oats, barley and other grains, as well as plenty of fresh timothy hay, which they love. In addition, you can always add more variety and nutrition to your meat rabbits’ diets by supplying fresh greens, vegetables and even fruits. Many rabbits seem especially partial to lettuce, carrots and apples. No matter what you choose to feed your rabbits, make sure fresh water is available at all times and that you purchase the highest-quality feed possible. Remember, you eventually eat what they eat!

Meat rabbit enthusiasts all agree – these animals are not nearly as popular as they should be. Cheap and easy to care for with little space and almost no noise, these hardy livestock are perfect for beginners and those looking to add another source of meat for their family. Whether you’re a new urban farmer just starting out or an experienced homesteader out in the country, meat rabbits can offer great return for your efforts.



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